Fight Club is about materialism, and how it stops us humans from evolving. It's destroying the basic principles of society, because people think they will be happy with material objects that they want, but it's only making them less happy with their lives. 'More is Less' and vice-versa, as you see through Tyler Durden, who is almost the opposite of The narrator in the sense of materialism. "Advertisement has us chasing cars and clothes, getting jobs we don't want to buy shit we don't need." This is very important in the understanding of Fight Club, as it shows that big-name brands and in-fashion things are only wanted because of their advertisement and reputation among the lifeless society who live in this world. Basically, people are living unnecessary lives as they work the job that they can get, buy the things that they 'want' but only because of advertisement. Tyler is very anti-materialistic, and The narrator creates him because he wants someone that can save him, that can redeem him from living in the world that is now pointless and mistaken.
I'm sorry if I couldn't get the point across, but I could go for a very long time If I got in to detail.
Forget about the obvious meaning, the misery of the working man and his loss of power over his own life in order to keep buying stuff that proves he is successful.
This movie is totally about "Jack" aka skinny Tyler falling in love with Marla. She represents everything he desperately tries to not become. His power animal; the penguin, mate for life. Marla looks like a penguin after the first power animal scene. Marla is his Power animal! He cries for the first time with "Bob with the bitch tits." He cries essentially with the aid of a womans breasts. Men are not allowed to cry and feel ok about it, but since Bob is a man, "jack" feels secure enough to do so. With Marla around, he's programmed to put on his masculine mask hence no tears. He is insecure,lonely, sleep deprived so Tyler is introduced. Tyler the all around perfect man's man. When he is Tyler, he can be with Marla. when he is jack, he cannot.
Anyway, Tyler and Marla are so similar in so many ways. They have a similar attitude, have both "hit bottom" both toss their cigs the same way. Except Jack hates Marla and worships Tyler? I think Jack/Tyler's whole breakdown is a result of his inability to allow himself to love and trust a woman. In the end, he ends up with her anyway because he proves to himself that muscles do not make the man, nor do material possessions. From the moment he saw her, she was in everything, in his groups, in his cave, in Tyler. She is what was missing in his perfect condo.
In my opinion Tylor is not in any way a positive character. His views on everything appear to be correct and liberating but what turns out of his ideas is mass destruction and another form of order - which is similar to military order.
Tylor is not a real person. He is created in the half awake mind of the main character. Tylor is a representation of everything the main character of the movie wants to be - he is a rebel he has the answer to everything he has a radical new way of thinking and independently living his life. He knows what he wants and how to get it. He doesn't seem to be restricted by common morals. He is also an excellent lover.
Once the main character is introduced to Tylor's views on life he is fascinated by them. He starts to stand for himself, he doesn't pay attention to people's opinions or his boss's demands. He also has the courage blackmail his boss.
Later things turn around when the main character finds out he doesn't know a lot about Tylor's plans or actions. He is frustrated either by the fact nothing depends on him anymore or by the consequenceс of Tylor's projects. And he decides to attempt and stop them only to find he is incapable of doing so ( in the book the policemen cut his testicles, in the movie he manages to escape)
In the end he is able to kill Tylor by shooting himself - an act which might represent him letting go of his unrealistic desires. He overcomes his wish to be a this amazing person Tylor represents.
"You met me in a very strange time of my life" - he tells Marla as the buildings in front of them are collapsing
Fight club in my OPINION, is about Buddhism. It starts with just a man, who from the very beginning is troubled. He struggles with the commonalities of materialism- in his apartment, capitalism- the car company who won't recall the defective differential. He is troubled by all of this. He cannot sleep. He has no inner peace, no meaning. He meets Marla, sad and pathetic. He loathes her, he hates what she stands for. She is his inner darkness in the way that she projects all the things he hates about himself and society back to him. If you notice she is a female reflection of his sadness. She goes to the groups to find her peace also. He looks at her and hates her not noticing that she is himself. She is everything he is. He finds someone (Tyler) who defies the american social norms, he has no money, no car, no wife, no children, and most importantly no aspiration for any of these things. He is immediately drawn to this. He says, self improvement is masturbation, meaning to him that it's good for your self, no one else sees or cares, it's not your fancy car or your big house. Its not for show. He also breaks down all the social statures obtained by materials, your polishing the silver on the Titanic, it's all going down. Stating that there is no use for materials in life, you need to develop your heart, yourself, your soul.
After seeing the end of the movie you realize he is now inspired to find his inner peace. He destroys his apartment, lives off the grid. He challenges his body to defeat his mind in a way we can interpret most easily as a physical altercation between men. In the idea of Buddhism and Taoism, how can you appreciate peace if you have never known war? He selects the convenience store clerk as an apprentice of sorts. He teaches him a lesson of loving life by threatening his. Tyler the subconscious explains it to the body, tomorrow will be the most beautiful day of his life. You must transform suffering to have happiness. Obvious references aside such as meditation, this movie illustrates the perfectly the practical application of Buddhism. He scars him with lye to and tells him not to meditate out of it. To really feel the pain, this is to give him a Buddhist comparison, while he is having the pain he thinks like most of us would, the pain is the worst thing in the world at that moment. But as soon as it stops he know not having pain is wonderful. He feels happiness in not having pain. The scar reminds him of seeking happiness. He carries this through the rest of the movie in fighting and project mayhem. Fighting someone to feel pain and realize what peace truly is, this helped him sleep again. Seeing animal lust and sex showed him how dirty it was and how he truly loved Marla. He saved Marlas life and showed her compassion. After that she no longer spoke of herself being worthless. She felt loved. She then tried to get hiom to show her love again with the "cancer scare" He had to see something beautiful destroyed to look upon his face and see how beautiful it was, he had to see the death of Robert Parson, to feel the severity of life. He had to defeat his own demons, his capitalism, his materialism, his anger, and all his other demons to find peace.In the end he sees that while destroying capitalism (of piece of corporate art) defined their ideals to the world, it brought them no inner peace. While destroying all the credit record may make us equal in the act, it is enlightenment that allowed him to see the world as equals. In the end he must outwit his inner self to become a person of one enlightened mind.
The movie carries the everlasting theme of nature vs. culture throughout the movie. The character of Edward Norton is unnamed giving audiences the opportunity to consider if he really is Tyler Durden and only uses his materialistic everyday life as a getaway. The narrator is initially fed up with his lifestyle, that is inhabited by to much culture and materialism with a boring deskjob and an apartment stuffed with furniture from Ikea. Along comes Tyler Durden who is the essence of nature. He has sex with Marla even though the narrator is somewhat disgusted by her He makes a living doing sleazy and odd jobs, which he sees as an easy and prosperous living. The two of them form a fightclub, where both nature and culture are combined. The nature part is beating each other to pulps, the culture part is having certain rules for how the matches are supposed to be.
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